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Rationalism, or a belief that we come to knowledge through the use of logic, and thus independently of sensory experience, was critical to the debates of the Enlightenment period, when most philosophers lauded the power of reason but insisted that knowledge comes from experience. Rationalism—as an appeal to human reason as a way of obtaining knowledge—has a philosophical history dating from antiquity.
While rationalism, as the view that reason is the main source of knowledge, did not dominate the Enlightenment, it laid critical basis for the debates that developed over the course of the 18th century. Descartes was the first of the modern rationalists.
LessWrong (also written Less Wrong) is a community blog and forum focused on discussion of In , a significant portion of the rationalist community shifted focus to Scott After thinking of this pun and finding that Grimes had already made this pun, Elon Musk reached out to Grimes, which led to them dating.
In philosophy , rationalism is the epistemological view that “regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge”  or “any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification”. In an old controversy, rationalism was opposed to empiricism , where the rationalists believed that reality has an intrinsically logical structure.
Because of this, the rationalists argued that certain truths exist and that the intellect can directly grasp these truths. That is to say, rationalists asserted that certain rational principles exist in logic , mathematics , ethics , and metaphysics that are so fundamentally true that denying them causes one to fall into contradiction.
The rationalists had such a high confidence in reason that empirical proof and physical evidence were regarded as unnecessary to ascertain certain truths — in other words, “there are significant ways in which our concepts and knowledge are gained independently of sense experience”. Different degrees of emphasis on this method or theory lead to a range of rationalist standpoints, from the moderate position “that reason has precedence over other ways of acquiring knowledge” to the more extreme position that reason is “the unique path to knowledge”.
In recent decades, Leo Strauss sought to revive “Classical Political Rationalism” as a discipline that understands the task of reasoning, not as foundational, but as maieutic. In the past, particularly in the 17th and 18th centuries, the term ‘rationalist’ was often used to refer to free thinkers of an anti-clerical and anti-religious outlook, and for a time the word acquired a distinctly pejorative force thus in Sanderson spoke disparagingly of ‘a mere rationalist, that is to say in plain English an atheist of the late edition The use of the label ‘rationalist’ to characterize a world outlook which has no place for the supernatural is becoming less popular today; terms like ‘ humanist ‘ or ‘ materialist ‘ seem largely to have taken its place.
But the old usage still survives. Rationalism is often contrasted with empiricism.
Don’t have an account? What is a moral judgment? Jonathan Haidt and others who adopt a dual-process model of cognition see moral judgment as largely automatic and regard explicit reasoning as directed to the task of ex post facto justification and persuasion. This chapter argues that a capacity for diachronic agency is essential to moral deliberation and that once we focus on the full range of processes involved in moral decision-making it is not so clear that rationalism is undermined.
In particular, initial, quick, affective moral judgments are just one input to moral decision-making, subject to moderation by social and rational pressures consistent with a broadly rationalist perspective. Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service.
Epistemological rationalism in ancient philosophies. The first Western philosopher to stress rationalist insight was Pythagoras, a shadowy figure of the 6th.
The paper examines rationalist and incrementalist approaches for effecting change in website management. Planning is a traditionally rationalist activity that requires specific objectives and timescales to be set, resources to be allocated, and assumes that a desired future state is indeed definable and achievable. The paper argues that the web is too diverse and broad in scope to be addressed as a whole in purely rationalist terms: successful development requires the intelligent application of incrementalist measures.
The paper discusses the pros and cons of rationalist and incrementalist approaches, and the need for a balance between each in a successful web strategy. McConnell, M. Report bugs here. Please share your general feedback. You can join in the discussion by joining the community or logging in here. You can also find out more about Emerald Engage. Visit emeraldpublishing. Answers to the most commonly asked questions here. Abstract The paper examines rationalist and incrementalist approaches for effecting change in website management.
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The Rationalist Delusion?
The first Western philosopher to stress rationalist insight was Pythagoras , a shadowy figure of the 6th century bce. Noticing that, for a right triangle, a square built on its hypotenuse equals the sum of those on its sides and that the pitches of notes sounded on a lute bear a mathematical relation to the lengths of the strings, Pythagoras held that these harmonies reflected the ultimate nature of reality.
The difficulty in this view, however, is that, working with universals and their relations, which, like the multiplication table, are timeless and changeless, it assumes a static world and ignores the particular, changing things of daily life.
I understand this is debatable– as, in fact, rationalist girlfriends one did stuck around the more rationalists you might want to date you’d meet.
These temperaments share the qualities of being abstract thinkers who approach situations in a theory-focused, pragmatic mode. Getting a Rational to open up and show their tender side can be as challenging as the toil of Sisyphus How do you connect with a partner who is known more for his brilliant mind than his brilliant romance? On paper at least, Rationals are the type least likely to want to put a ring on it.
That’s because they often don’t appreciate, or choose not to follow, cultural norms that dictate when and how one should date, marry, have children and so on. While they may be interested in someday achieving these milestones, they’re usually in no particular hurry for love. Carpe diem types may be appalled at the lack of momentum, but if you’re dating a Rational, you’ve got to let love blossom in its own sweet time.
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22 votes, 62 comments. I know it’s been joked about before about seeking dating advice from this community, but this is really more about wanting to .
Reading 1: Descartes on Doubt and Certainty Meditations 1 and 2. Rationalism is the philosophical view that knowledge is acquired through reason, without the aid of the senses. Mathematical knowledge is the best example of this, since through rational thought alone we can plumb the depths of numerical relations, construct proofs, and deduce ever more complex mathematical concepts.
We can even envision that someone locked in a room with no sensory experience whatsoever might still arrive at a sophisticated level of mathematical knowledge. Several ancient and medieval writers held to rationalism, most notably Plato and philosophers who followed in the Platonist tradition. In the mid seventeenth-century, though, rationalism was given a unique twist by philosophers who held that our most important mental concepts are innate, or inborn, and from these we deduce other truths with absolute certainty.
While this education pleased his father, a high-court judge himself, Descartes never actually did practice law. He sold all of his possessions and invested the funds, along with money from an inheritance and from patrons, which allowed him the privilege and freedom to travel and study most of his life. Specific direction for this came during his time in Europe when on three occasions Descartes dreamed of becoming a scientist and philosopher.
At that point, he followed his dreams, literally.
Polyamory is Rational(ist)
Occasionally I see people complaining that they cannot find a rationalist girlfriend. Fortunately, we have a survey! I understand this is debatable— as, in fact, rationalist girlfriends one did not meet through the community are still Rationalist Girlfriends— but we are looking for information on how to find a rationalist girlfriend, not a girlfriend you can convert to rationality. The largest correlation is with number of current partners Pearson correlation.
When I included only people who prefer monogamy, the correlation went down to.
Rationalist Empiricism is a study of the dialectical relation between reason and experience in ancient, modern, and contemporary philosophy, engaging as well with political theory, the science of measurement, and experimental photography. Across these fields, it shows that coordinating the discrepant claims of rationalism and empiricism is the key to reconciling the speculative and critical vocations of theory and practice.
Twenty-first-century philosophy has been drawn into a false opposition between speculation and critique. Nathan Brown shows that the key to overcoming this antinomy is a re-engagement with the relation between rationalism and empiricism. Rationalist Empiricism shows that the capacity of reason and experience to extend and yet delimit each other has always been at the core of philosophy and science. Coordinating their discrepant powers, Brown argues, is what enables speculation to move forward in concert with critique.
Sweeping across ancient, modern, and contemporary philosophy, as well as political theory, science, and art, Brown engages with such major thinkers as Plato, Descartes, Hume, Hegel, Marx, Heidegger, Bachelard, Althusser, Badiou, and Meillassoux. He also shows how the concepts he develops illuminate recent projects in the science of measurement and experimental digital photography. With conceptual originality and argumentative precision, Rationalist Empiricism reconfigures the history and the future of philosophy, politics, and aesthetics.
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Utopian and pragmatic rationalism: The political context of scientific advice
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz — German rationalist philosopher, mathematician, and logician. John Locke — philosopher. Any philosophy magnifying the role played by unaided reason, in the acquisition and justification of knowledge. The preference for reason over sense experience as a source of knowledge began with the Eleatics, and played a central role in Platonism. Its most significant modern development was in the 17th-century belief that the paradigm of knowledge was the non-sensory intellectual intuition that God would have into the workings of all things, and that human beings taste in their acquaintance with mathematics.
Reflections on 17th-century rationalist philosophy of mind and the latest research conducted within the field of cognitive Download Date | 3/20/17 PM.
This is a portal into the Bay Area rationalist community. We value truth over comfort, and results over effort, but effort over apathy. You’re invited to join us at the regular meetups described below. Check the calendar for other events that are open to the community! Here is a list of the reoccurring community events that currently or will soon exist:. These meetups range from hikes through the Berkeley hills to lightning talk sessions to group dinners and can be found on the calendar.
Drop by to discuss rationality, play board games or just socialize.
So You Want A Rationalist Girlfriend
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Restricted access. Link to institutional repository. In this thesis, I argue for rationalism, the claim that political legitimacy should be distributed such that justice is promoted best. In chapter 1, I define legitimacy as the permission to rule.
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Enter your mobile number or email address below and we’ll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer – no Kindle device required. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. Would you like to tell us about a lower price? Why does the universe exist and what are you supposed to do in it?
This question has been addressed by religions since time immemorial, but popular answers often fail to account for obvious aspects of reality. Indeed, if God knows everything, why do we need to learn through pain and suffering? If God is omnipotent, why are we needed to do good?